Financial highlights 2021: Business as unusual
Decline in deliveries and supply shortages for semiconductors resulting in production cutbacks – and still a record result! Jürgen Rittersberger, Chief Financial and Legal Officer, classifies the fiscal year 2021:
Audi Group 2021
January untill December 2021
vehicles approximately at the prior-year level despite semiconductor shortages (-0,7%)
growth for fully electric vehicles
to EUR 53,1 billion despite a decline in sales due to strong price enforcement
record figure of EUR
thanks in part to the good residual value situation, cost discipline and momentum from commodity valuation and exchange rate effects; strong performance by the Lamborghini and Ducati brands
Net cash flow
Record figure of EUR
due to high profit, exceptionally favorable performance of working capital and low levels of investing activity
Multi-year comparison of the key performance indicators of the Audi Group
|Deliveries to customers of the Audi brand [¹] (cars)||1,845,573||1,692,773||1,680,512|
|Revenue (EUR million)||55,680||49,973||53,068|
|Operating profit (EUR million)||
|Return on investment (ROI) (percent)||
|Net cash flow (EUR million)||3,160||4,589||7,757|
|Research and development ratio (percent)||7.9||7.3||7.4|
|Ratio of capex [³] (percent)||4.9||3.8||3.8|
[¹] Including delivered vehicles built locally by the associated company FAW-Volkswagen Automotive Company, Ltd., Changchun (China)
[²] Taking into account special items, in particular in connection with the diesel issue
[³] Investments in property, plant and equipment, investment property and other intangible assets according to cash flow statement in relation to revenue
Semiconductor shortages impact the 2021 fiscal year
A significant shortage of semiconductors has been leading to supply bottlenecks in industry globally since the beginning of 2021. The automotive industry has also felt the effects of this undersupply, which was triggered, among other things, by factory closures at key manufacturers as a result of the pandemic. Audi consequently also had to cut production, leading to temporary short-time work at the German sites.
Product adjustments and reductions in stocks stabilize deliveries
Since the beginning of 2021, Audi has been working relentlessly in company-wide crisis teams and in close collaboration with the Volkswagen Group to limit the impact of the semiconductor shortage. For instance, Audi continually adapted production to take account of installation rates, volumes or equipment variants and also manufactured vehicles that can be retrofitted at a later time. The brand satisfied the strong demand for cars optimally through increased reductions in stocks. In the medium to long term, Audi is planning to adapt the procurement strategy together with the Volkswagen Group, in part through direct access to semiconductor manufacturers or by developing its own chips to minimize the risk in the future. Nonetheless, owing to the semiconductor crisis the Audi Group was unable to produce a low six-digit number of vehicles in 2021 as planned. This also impacted the key figures for 2021.
Semiconductor shortages also expected in 2022
The production of semiconductors is a complicated and protracted process. In addition, the chip manufacturers need a certain lead time to ramp up their capacity to the required levels. It is for these reasons that Audi is anticipating further supply shortages of semiconductors in 2022.
Outlook: fiscal year 2022
Expected development of the key performance indicators of the Premium brand group (Audi, Lamborghini, Ducati and Bentley). The forecast of the Premium brand group does not account for the effects of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine.
|Key performance indicators||Forecast|
|Deliveries||Between 1,800 and 1,900 thousand cars of the Premium brand group.|
|Revenue||Between EUR 62 and 65 billion expected revenue.|
|RoS||Between 9 and 11% expected operating return on sales.|
|Net cash flow||Between EUR. 4,5 and 5,5 billion expected net cash flow.|
|ROI||Between 17 and 20% expected return on investment.|
Between 6 and 7% expected research and development ratio.
|Ratio of capex||
Between 4 and 5% expected ratio of capex.
The non-financial indicator of deliveries to customers reflects the number of new Audi brand vehicles handed over to customers.
|Deliveries of the Audi brand [¹]||Compared with the prior-year level||Deliveries of the Audi brand, accumulated YTD [¹]||Accumulated compared with the prior-year level|
[¹] rounded-off figures
Key performance indicators of the Audi Group in a nutshell
The basis for the management of the Audi Group is a value-oriented corporate management approach in combination with the following key performance indicators, which are important drivers of our corporate development and support the goals of our strategy.
The non-financial indicator of deliveries to customers reflects the number of new vehicles of the Audi brand handed over to customers. This performance indicator reflects demand from customers for our products and reveals our competitive and image position in the various markets worldwide. Strong demand for our products has a major impact on production, and consequently also on the capacity utilization of our sites and the deployment of our workforce. In addition, a continuing high level of vehicle deliveries reflects high customer satisfaction.
The financial key performance indicators include Audi Group revenue, which is a financial reflection of our market success.
Another key performance indicator is the operating profit of the Audi Group. This key figure represents the economic performance of our core business as well as the economic performance of our fundamental operational activity, and is defined as follows:
– Cost of goods sold
– Distribution costs
– Administrative expenses
+ Other operating income
– Other operating expenses
= Operating profit
Our financial key performance indicators also include the operating return on sales of the Audi Group:
Operating return on sales = Operating profit / Revenue
A further key performance indicator is return on investment (ROI). This reflects how effective our business activities are, by considering the return achieved on the capital employed over a given period. Return on investment already takes account of CO₂ compliance measures and can therefore also be understood as return on investment after CO₂.
Return on investment (ROI) = Operating profit after tax / Average invested assets
Net cash flow, which serves as a benchmark of the Audi Group’s level of self-financing, is calculated as follows:
Cash flow from operating activities
– Investing activities attributable to operating activities
= Net cash flow
The research and development ratio expresses Audi’s innovative strength and also ensures that it maintains competitive cost structures.
Research and development ratio = Research and development activities / Revenue
The ratio of capex is another indicator of the Audi Group’s competitiveness.
Ratio of capex = Capex according to the cash flow statement / Revenue
Capex includes investments in property, plant and equipment, investment property and other intangible assets according to the cash flow statement. Here, capital investment in essence comprises financial resources for modernizing and expanding our range of products and services, for optimizing our capacities and for improving the Audi Group’s production processes. Investment decisions are requested by the specialist areas, then scrutinized and prioritized by Investment Controlling and the “Investment Group” corporate committee. Major decisions affecting investment policy are also approved by the Company’s Supervisory Board.